The House of Stuart

Stuart Kings and Queens

The Stuarts, that highly romantic but luckless dynasty, succeeded to the English throne on the death of the childless Tudor Queen Elizabeth I in 1603, in the person of James I and VI (1603-1625), son of Mary Queen of Scots and Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, became the first joint ruler of the kingdoms of both England and Scotland. The spelling of the ancient Scottish dynasty of Stewart was changed by Mary, Queen of Scots, during her long residence in France.

The earliest recorded member of the Scottish House of Stewart was Flaald I, who was of Breton origins and was employed in the service of the eleventh century Lord of Dol and Combourg. Flaald and his immediate descendants held the hereditary and honorary post of Dapifer or food bearer in the Lord of Dol's household.

The Stuart claim to England's throne derived from Margaret Tudor, eldest daughter of Henry VII, who married James IV. King of Scots. James I's successor Charles I (1625-49) was executed on the orders of Parliament when England was declared a republic.

The monarchy was restored in 1660 when his son, the previously exiled Charles II (1660-85), was invited to return. Charles, or the 'Merry Monarch' as he is otherwise known, is famous for his many mistresses and his long liaison with the actress Nell Gwyn. On the death of his niece, Queen Anne in 1714 the Stuart dynasty was displaced by its Hanoverian cousins. This section also contains biographies of the Stuart Pretenders including the courageous but highly impulsive Bonnie Prince Charlie.


Born and Reign

James I

B. 1566 Son of Henry Stuart Lord Darnley & Mary Queen of Scots. 1603-1625

Charles I

B. 1600 Son of-James I & Anne of Denmark R. 1625-49

Charles II

B. 1630 Son of-Charles I& Henrietta Mariaof France R. 1660-1685

James II

B. 1633 Son of Charles I & Henrietta Mariaof France R. 1685-1701

William III

B. 1650 Son of William II of Orange & Mary of Gt Britain R. 1688-1702

Mary II

B. 1662 Daughter of James II & Anne Hyde R. 1688-94

Queen Anne

B. 1664 Daughter of James II & Anne Hyde R. 1702-1714 George of Denmark


Additional Information on the era