The House of Normandy, occasionally known as the House of Longsword, had Norwegian Viking roots and took the throne of England by conquest at the momentous Battle of Hastings in 1066, when they displaced the ancient line of native Saxon kings of the House of Wessex, which had ruled England since 827A.D.
The reign of William I, thereafter known as the Conqueror was stark and ruthless, a time of subjection for the English people.
The dynasty lasted for three generations, through the reigns of William's two sons, William II (1087-1100) and Henry I (1100-1135), both of whom were strong and efficient rulers. Civil war engulfed England as two of his grandchildren, Stephen (1135-54) (the son of the Conqueror's youngest daughter Adela) and Matilda (only legitimate daughter of his youngest son Henry I) became locked in a bitter struggle for the English crown. Leading to a Civil War known as the Anarchy, which lasted for nineteen years, described by those who endured it as a time when "Christ and his saints slept". The dynasty of Norman kings ended on the death of King Stephen in 1154, who by the terms of the Treaty of Wallingford was succeeded by the Empress Matilda's son, Henry Plantagenet.
1028, Son of Robert, Duke of Normandy & Arlette of Falaise
Circa 1056 son of William I and Matilda of Flanders
Circa 1068, son of William I & Matilda of Flanders
Circa 1096 son ofStephen, Count of Bloisand Adela of Normandy
1102 Daughter of Henry I & Edith of Scotland