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Plantagenet

The House of Plantagenet had its origins in a cadet branch of the original counts of Anjou, the dynasty established by Fulk I of Anjou at the beginning of the 10th century. The Plantagenet dynasty ruled England for over three hundred years, from 1154 -1485. They were a remarkable family, providing England with fourteen of its kings.

The surname Plantagenet, which was to become one of the most famous in England, seems to have derived from a nickname adopted by Geoffrey, Count of Anjou, the father of Henry II and refers to his habit of wearing a sprig of broom or planta genista in his helmet.

The dynasty produced such varied characters as the energetic Henry II, arguably one of England's greatest monarchs and his legendary son, Richard the Lionheart, who lead the Third Crusade against Saladin into the Holy Land. The highly aesthetic Henry III and his son, the indominatable Edward I, who conquered Wales and became known as the Hammer of the Scots for his campaigns into that country, where he fought William Wallace and Robert the Bruce, the most famous of Scotland's sons, and Henry V, the conqueror of France, who bequeathed the diadems of both countries to his pious and ineffectual son, Henry VI.

Plantagenet dynasty

The Plantagenets, described by Bacon as "a race much dipped in their own blood" finally destroyed themselves in the bloody dynastic struggle we know of as the Wars of the Roses. The later Plantagenets became divided into the Houses of Lancaster and York which descended through different sons of King Edward III. The Yorkist king Richard III was the last of his house, when he was killed in battle on Bosworth Field, to be displaced by the Tudors, it was the end of an era. The male line of the Plantagenets became extinct with the execution in 1499 of Edward, Earl of Warwick, the son of George, Duke of Clarence, in the reign of Henry VII, the first Tudor.

Monarch   Birth and Reign Married
Henry II b.1133
son of-
Geoffrey, Count of Anjou
& Matilda of Normandy
r.1154-89
Eleanor of Aquitaine
Richard I b. 1157
son of-
Henry II
&Eleanor of Aquitaine
r. 1189-99
Berengaria of Navarre
King John b. 1167
son of-
Henry II
&Eleanor of Aquitaine
r. 1199-1216
(1)Isabel of Gloucester
(2) Isabella of Angouleme
Henry III b.1207
son of-
King John
& Isabella of Angouleme
r. 1216-72
Eleanor of Provence
Edward I b.1239
son of -
Henry III
&Eleanor of Provence
r. 1272-1307
(1) Eleanor of Castile
(2) Margaret of France
Edward II b. 1284
son of-
Edward I
& Eleanor of Castille
r.1307-27
Isabella of France
Edward III b1312
son of-
Edward II
&Isabella of France
r. 1327 -77
Phillipa of Hainault
Richard II b.1367
son of-
Edward, the Black Prince
& Joan of Kent
r.1377- 99
(1)Anne of Bohemia
(2)Isabella of Valois
Henry IV b.1366
son of
John of Gaunt
& Blanche of Lancaster
r.1399-1413
(1)Mary de Bohun
(2)Joan of Navarre
Henry V b.1387
son of-
Henry IV
& Mary de Bohun
r. 1413- 22
Catherine of Valois
Henry VI b.1421
son of-
Henry V
&Catherine of Valois
r 1422- 61 & 1470-71
Margaret of Anjou
Edward IV b.1442
son of
Richard Duke of York
& Cecily Neville
r. 1461 -70 & 1471-83
Elizabeth Woodville
Edward V b. 1470
son of-
Edward IV
&Elizabeth Woodville
r. 1483
Richard III
b. 1452
son of-
Richard Duke of York
& Cecily Neville
r. 1483-85
Anne Neville

Counts of Anjou Geoffrey Plantagenet
Count of Anjou
Henry,
the Young King
Thomas Becket
Geoffrey, Duke
of Brittany

Arthur, Duke
of Britanny
William Longespée Geoffrey Archbishop
of York
The Legend of
Robin Hood
William Marshal Simon de Montfort Richard of Cornwall
Henry of Almain Edmund of Woodstock
Earl of Kent
Edward the
Black Prince
Joan, Fair
Maid of Kent
Owain Glyndwr William Wallace Robert the Bruce Harry Hotspur
The House of Lancaster The House of York The Mortimer Family The Neville Family
The Percy Family The Beaufort Family The Holland family St. George's Chapel,
Windsor
Westminster Abbey The Tower
of London
Castles of Edward I Leeds Castle
Third Crusade The Black Death Battle of Crecy Battle of Agincourt
Genealogical Tables




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