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House of York
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The House of York

The House of York, a branch of the Plantagenet family produced 3 Kings of England- Edward IV, the boy king Edward V and Richard III. Threy descended in the male line from Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, who was the fourth surviving son of Edward III, but also descended from the senior line of descent from Edward being cognatic descendants (through the female line) of Lionel, Duke of Clarence, Edward's second surviving son. The Yorkist claimants therefore held a senior claim to their Lancastrian rivals according to cognatic primogeniture but a junior claim according to the agnatic primogeniture.

The House of York

Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York (1341 - 1402), the founder of the House of York, was the fourth surviving son of Edward III, and had two sons Edward, Duke of York, who died at Agincourt and Richard, Earl of Cambridge, the Yorkist dynasty based their claim to throne through the marriage of his younger son, Richard to Anne Mortimer, great-granddaughter of Lionel of Antwerp, the second son of Edward III. Richard, Earl of Cambridge was executed by the Lancastrian king Henry V for his involvement in a plot to depose the Lancastrian King Henry V in favour of his brother-in-law, Edmund, Earl of March, the appointed heir of Richard II. When Edmund later died his claim to the throne devolved on his sister Anne Mortimer. The dukedom of York and the Mortimer claim to the throne passed to her son, Richard Plantagenet.

Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York produced four surviving sons, Edward, Earl of March (1442-1483), who succeeded to the throne as King Edward IV in 1461, Edmund of Langley, Earl of Rutland (b.1443), who was killed at the Battle of Wakefield along with his father in 1460, George Duke of Clarence, Shakespeare's, 'false, fleeting, perjured Clarence', who was famously drowned in a butt of malmsey in the Tower of London in 1478 and Richard, Duke of Gloucester (1452-1485). Edward IV left the crown to his young son, Edward V, the elder of the so called 'Princes in the Tower', but the throne was usurped by his uncle, Richard Duke of Gloucester, who ascended the throne as Richard III (1452-1485). The young Edward V and his brother, Richard, Duke of York, disappeared into the depths of the Tower of London and were never seen alive again. Richard III was killed in battle at Bosworth Field in 1485. The new king, Henry VII, who represented the Lancastrian line, married Edward IV's eldest daughter Elizabeth of York, thereby uniting the claims of both houses in the person of their son, King Henry VIII.

Edward IV b.b.1442 son of
Richard Duke of York
& Cecily Neville
r. 1461 -70 & 1471-83
Elizabeth Woodville
Edward V b. 1470
son of-
Edward IV
&Elizabeth Woodville
r. 1483
Richard III
b. 1452
son of-
Richard Duke of York
& Cecily Neville
r. 1483-85
Anne Neville

Wars of the Roses Edward, Duke
of York
Richard, Earl
of Cambridge
Richard,
Duke of York
The Neville Family
Cecily Neville Edmund, Earl of Rutland Richard Neville
Earl of Warwick
The Percy Family The Beaufort Family The Battle of
Wakefield
The Battle of
Mortimers Cross
The Battle of Towton The Battle of Barnet The Battle of
Tewkesbury
The Battle of Bosworth
A Tour of Bosworth
Battlefield
The Remains of
Richard III
Fotheringhay,
Mausoleum
of the House of York
Warwick Castle
Sheriff Hutton Castle Middleham Castle
Home of Richard III
George, Duke of
Clarence

Isabel, Duchess of
Clarence

Edward of
Middleham
Elizabeth of York Edward,
Earl of Warwick
Margaret, Countess
of Salisbury
Richard III's
Illegitimate Children
Lady Anne Mowbray De la Pole Famiy Woodville Family
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