The House of Bruce

The House of BruceThe House of Dunkeld ended when Alexander III inadvertantly tumbled over a cliff in the darkness and was followed to the grave shortly after by his young grandaughter and heiress, Margaret the 'Maid of Norway'. King Edward I of England's overbearing attempts to rule Scotland through a puppet king, John Balliol, resulted in the Scottish Wars of Independence, which saw the meteoric rise from obscurity of Scotland's most famous son, William Wallace.

The Bruce's derived their claim to the throne of Scotland through their descent from Isabel, the second daughter of David Earl of Huntingdon (grandson of David I) who married Robert de Brus, 3rd Lord of Annandale. The Bruce family in the male line was not of native Scots origin, but had its roots in Normandy, a Robert de Brus had come over to England with the army of William the Conqueror. William had rewarded De Brus by granting him lands in Yorkshire but the family had added to this inheritance by acquiring considerable lands in Huntingdonshire and in Annandale, Scotland. Robert's mother's family was of Scots Gaelic descent.

Robert de Brus, 5th Lord of Annandale (circa 1210 - 1295), was a leading competitor for the Scottish throne in 1290/92. His grandson Robert the Bruce eventually became King of Scots. King Robert I reigned 1306-1329, and was succeeded by his son David II who reigned from 7 June 1329 to 22 February 1371. The Bruce dynasty ended with the death of David Bruce in 1371 when Robert II, son of Robert's daughter Marjorie Bruce and Walter Stewart succeeded to the throne.

Monarch   Birth & Reign Married
Robert I Robert the Bruce b. 11 July 1274
son of-
Robert the Bruce,
Lord of Annandale
and Marjorie,
Countess of Carrick
r. 1306-1329
(1)Isabella of Mar
(2)Elizabeth de Burgh
David II David II b. 5 March 1324
son of-
Robert I and
Elizabeth de Burgh
r. 1329 - 1371
(1)Joan of England
(2)Margaret Drummond

Additional Information on the era

Robert de Brus,
5th Lord of Annandale
The Competitors Marjorie Bruce Edward Bruce
High King of Ireland

The Black Douglas
The Battle of
Loudon Hill

The Battle of Bannockburn
The Heart of
Robert the Bruce

The Battle of
Halidon Hill
Sir Andrew Murray Black Agnes The Battle of
Neville's Cross
John Comyn the Red, Lord of Badenoch Elizabeth de Burgh Joan of England  Isabella of Mar